Periodontal (gum) disease, also known as periodontitis, is a bacterial infection that inflames the soft tissue around your teeth and becomes more severe if left untreated.
Periodontal (gum) disease, also known as periodontitis, is a bacterial infection that inflames the soft tissue around your teeth and becomes more severe if left untreated. Over time, gum disease will erode the bone that supports your teeth, leading to mobility and tooth loss. Gum disease is quite common, though very preventable, because it is usually a result of poor oral hygiene habits.
It’s important to recognize the specific symptoms of each stage of gum disease and its cause. Prevention is the best option, though the earlier it is detected, the more likely it can be reversed.
While the main cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene, other risk factors exist, such as:
Weakens your body’s ability to fight infection, making it more difficult for gum tissue to repair itself.
People who suffer from autoimmune diseases, like diabetes, cancer, and HIV, have a weakened immune system and so their bodies have a harder time fighting off infections.
If your family is more prone to dental disease, you can ultimately face dental disease as well.
The risk for gum disease increases in women when hormones are affected by pregnancy, birth control pills, puberty, menopause, or menstruation.
Health conditions that cause inflammation in your body, such as arthritis, COVID-19, or cardiovascular disease, are linked to gum disease.
Medications that reduce your production of saliva or cause abnormal growth of gum tissue, such as Dilantin, Procardia, and Adalat, can cause gum disease.